Ribalta, Francisco

(1564-1628)
   Spanish painter from the Catalán region. Ribalta traveled to Madrid in 1581 to receive his training and perhaps to try to obtain a post as court painter. This was not to be since Philip II died in 1598. However, while in Madrid, Ribalta had the opportunity to study the works of Titian in the royal collection. He left Madrid and settled in Valencia where Archbishop Juan de Ribera, who was directing the Counter-Reformation in the region, had a splendid collection of paintings and a keen interest in art. Among the works in his collection figured some by El Greco, Juan Pantoja de la Cruz, Juan Sánchez Cotán, Giovanni Baglione, as well as a copy of Caravaggio's Crucifixion of St. Peter in the Cerasi Chapel, Rome (1600). This last allowed Ribalta to become well acquainted with Caravaggism, which he eventually adopted as his own. Archbishop Ribera gave Ribalta commissions, including the altarpiece for the College of Corpus Christi, which depicts the Last Supper (1606). He also created a series of paintings on the life of St. James for the church dedicated to the saint in Algemesí (1603-1606). These works were rendered utilizing the Mannerist style Ribalta learned during a trip to Rome. By c. 1620, however, he suddenly changed to Caravaggism, creating some of his most admired works, among them St. Bernard Embracing Christ (c. 1625; Madrid, Prado), the depiction of a vision experienced by the saint who founded the Cistercian Order and who was deeply devoted to Christ. The work presents tenebristic lighting with figures pushed close to the fore-ground and set against the undefined, dark background from which they emerge. Ribalta's Caravaggism, and particularly its deep emotionalism and theatrical lighting effects, proved to be a major force in the development of Spanish Baroque art, and particularly that of Francisco de Zurbarán and Jusepe de Ribera.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Ribalta, Francisco — born 1565, Castellón de la Plana, Spain died Jan. 12, 1628, Valencia Spanish painter. His early works are Mannerist. After settling in Valencia in 1598, he developed a darker and more naturalistic style (e.g., his Santiago altarpiece, 1603) under …   Universalium

  • Ribalta, Francisco de — ► (1564 1628) Pintor español, creador de la escuela valenciana del s. XVII. Introdujo en España el tenebrismo. Además de un magnífico dibujante fue un excelente pintor realista y un gran cultivador de los temas religiosos: La última cena y La… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ribalta, Francisco — (1565, Castellón de la Plana, España–12 ene. 1628, Valencia). Pintor español. Sus primeras obras se adscribieron al manierismo. Luego de establecerse en Valencia en 1598, desarrolló un estilo más oscuro y naturalista (p. ej., su retablo Santiago …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ribalta — Ribalta, Francisco de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Francisco Ribalta — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cristo abrazando a san Bernardo, óleo de Francisco Ribalta. Francisco Ribalta (Solsona, Lérida, 2 de junio de 1565 – Valencia, 14 de enero de 1628) fue un …   Wikipedia Español

  • RIBALTA (F.) — RIBALTA FRANCISCO (1564 1628) Originaire de Catalogne, Ribalta inaugure, pour ainsi dire, la peinture espagnole du XVIIe siècle. Après avoir vécu à Barcelone, Ribalta travaille à Madrid vers 1581 et s’installe définitivement en 1599 à Valence,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Francisco — francisco, a (de «franco») 1 (con mayúsc.) n. p. Nombre de persona. ⇒ Curro, Pacho, Paco, Pacorro. 2 adj. y n. Franciscano (monje). V. «en el coche de San Francisco». * * * francisco, ca. adj. Se dice del religioso de la Orden de San Francisco. U …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ribalta — Ribalta, Francisco de, span. Maler, geb. 1521 in Castellón de la Ploma, gest. 1628 in Valencia, bildete sich erst in Valencia, dann in Italien nach den großen Meistern, besonders Correggio, und wurde nach seiner Rückkehr das Haupt der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ribalta — Ribalta, Francisco de, gest. 1628 zu Valencia, u. sein Sohn Juan, geb. 1597, gest. 1628, waren Maler aus der valencianischen Schule, ausgezeichnet durch Composition und Colorit …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Francisco Ribalta — „Christus umarmt den Heiligen Bernhard“, von Francesc Ribalta Francesc Ribalta (span.: Francisco Ribalta) (* 2. Juni 1565 in Solsona; † 14. Januar 1628 in Valencia) war ein spanischer Maler. Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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